Working Conditions, Training and Career Development

Working Conditions, Training and Career Development

Working Conditions

Aircraft fly 24-hours a-day, 365-days a-year, therefore air traffic control services are adjusted to this non-stop rhythm and the work of ATCOs is organized in shifts.

Normally there are two ATCOs working on one position in a shift. The ATCOs rotate on a position every two hours or one hour, depending on the intensity and complexity of the air traffic, in order to avoid fatigue and lack of concentration which reduce accuracy and promptness of their reactions. All air traffic controllers function as a team.  

Responsibility is the cornerstone of this profession, since its main focus is on the aircraft safety. It is also very exhausting and exposes the ATCOs to stress because in a very short period of time they receive a lot of information, to which they have to react promptly and accurately.


If a candidate does not have a degree from the Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences (FTTS), he/she is sent to the Basic Training in duration of 14 weeks.  If a candidate does have a FTTS degree, his/her university education is considered to be equal to the Basic Training.  

Upon the completion of the Basic Training, the candidates attend the Rating Training, which  lasts 12 to 20 weeks (depending on the type of rating), and after successful completion, the candidates are granted an air traffic controller student license with a rating, depending on the type of service he/she is authorized to render (airport, approach or area control).

This training is followed by the Unit Training, consisting of several stages:
  • Transitional Training, which is being held in a classroom;
  • Pre‐On‐the‐Job Training,  which takes place on a simulator,
  • On‐the‐Job Training.
Duration of training depends on the working position for which the candidate is being trained.  During the whole training period the candidates are being continuously assessed by means of written and oral examinations and practical assessments.

Licenses, ratings and endorsements are set down by a separate Regulation (Official Gazette No. 75/13142/13109/14).